Who Was St. Valentine – Cupid or Saint?

There was a Valentine that was an actual saint of the Catholic faith but there was also more than one Valentine. Then there was Cupid, a greek mythical god. The two ideas were merged together over the years much like all of our holidays are. Usually born out of a pagan belief and then attempted to be christianized. I’ve taken a couple of articles and copied them here if you want to read all about how Valentines day as we celebrate it came about. The words below are not mine, if I knew who to give credit to I would .. alas, they are bits an pieces of history and legend … happy reading …

The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?

The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.


Cupid was a greek god of desire, erotic love and affection. He is often portrayed as the son of the love goddess Venus … Cupid continued to be a popular figure in the Middle Ages, when under Christian influence he often had a dual nature as Heavenly and Earthly love. In the Renaissance, a renewed interest in classical philosophy endowed him with complex allegorical meanings. In contemporary popular culture, Cupid is shown drawing his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine’s Day.[1]

There you have it

So there you have it. a little myth a little truth. But I don’t think any of us really believed in a little chubby flying angel striking us with arrows of love .. but it sure does feel that way when it happens!

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